Independent since 25 December 1991
OSCE membership since 30 January 1992
CoE membership: no
Constitution: adopted March 15, 1994, last amendments October 17, 2004
Form of government: presidential republic
Population: 9,475,100( est. 2014)
Registered Voters: 7,030,430 (September 2012)
Head of state: President, elected by absolute majority vote, two-round system, 5-year term, no term limit
Since July 1994 Alyaksandr Lukashenko
Head of government: Prime Minister, appointed by the President.
Since 27 December 2014 Andrei Kobyakov.
Assembly: bicameral parliament (Natsionalnoye Sobranie):
Council of the Republic (Soviet Respubliki): 64 deputies, four-year term, 56 members elected by regional governing councils, 8 members appointed by the president
Chamber of Representatives (Palata Predstaviteley): 110 deputies, 4-year terms, majoritarian system, single member constituencies, two-rounds, 50 % turnout requirement in the first round, 25 % in the second round for elections to be valid.
Belarusian Helsinki Committee
The National Human Rights Public Association “Belarusian Helsinki Committee”* is an autonomous, independent, non-profit, human rights public association established for the implementation of humanitarian activities on the territory of the Republic of Belarus. It operates on the basis of self-governance and unites citizens of the Republic of Belarus on the basis of their common interests. It is independent from government and business bodies, political and non-governmental organizations. Relationships with them are based on partnership, dialogue and cooperation.
Tel. +375 17 222 48 01
Human Rights Center Viasna
Human Rights Center "Viasna" is a non-governmental human rights organization, created in 1996 during mass protest actions of the democratic opposition in Belarus. Viasna was initially a group created to help the arrested rally participants and their families. That’s why originally Viasna had the name “Viasna-96”. On 15 June 1999 the organization was registered as the Human Rights Center "Viasna". It is a national NGO with the central office in Minsk and regional organizations in the majority of Belarusian cities. Viasna has about 200 members all over the country. The organization is managed by the Council and chair of the Council, elected by the General Congress.
On 28 October 2003 the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus groundlessly cancelled registration of Viasna for its participation in observation of the presidential election in 2001. On 6 March 2004 the Human Rights Center "Viasna" became member of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH).
Human Rights Center Viasna